According to September 2018 UNHCR data, 25.4 million people throughout the world have been forced to flee their home countries to seek refuge abroad. About half of these asylum-seekers and refugees are in the Middle East and North Africa. These refugees primarily go to neighboring countries, but the increasing flow of people towards Europe has drawn greater attention to the issue from developed countries.

Nearly half of the world’s migrants have moved from developing to developed countries. Although 25 million people have had to flee their countries for security reasons globally, about 90% of nearly 250 million international migrants throughout the world have left their home countries of their own will and for economic reasons. Turkey’s situation is the precise opposite: nearly all the 5 million international migrants hosted by Turkey, of whom more than 3.5 million are Syrian, are people who have fled their countries for security reasons. The migrant situation in Turkey is therefore more complex than Western countries. The difficulties faced by people who have had to migrate for reasons that are nothing to do with the economic and social conditions they previously enjoyed in their own countries, and the difficulties they cause, are intrinsically different from migrants who have left their countries of their own will in search of better economic conditions.

The Ankara Institute prepares risk analyses, research projects and policy advice reports for the public and private sectors, international institutions that take into account the various dimensions of the migration crisis. These studies focus on drawing up road maps and managing risks associated with this issue, which promises to remain a significant challenge in the coming years.